~The Hunchback of Notre Dame~
~Lon Chaney & Patsy Ruth Miller~
~Plot Synopsis~
This second film version of the Victor Hugo novel Notre Dame de Paris (the first was a Theda Bara
vehicle, The Dancer of Paris) was a super-duper-spectacular as only Hollywood of the 1920s could make
them, but it is never so large that it dwarfs the contribution of its star, Lon Chaney. As the hunchbacked
bellringer Quasimodo, Chaney adorned himself with a special device that made his cheeks jut out
grotesquely; a contact lens that blanked out one of his eyes; and, most painfully, a huge rubber hump
covered with coarse animal fur and weighing anywhere from 30 to 50 pounds. While Quasimodo is but
one of many interconnecting characters in the original Hugo novel, he dominates the narrative of this
expensive Universal production. Set in the walled city of Paris in the 16th century, the story is set in
motion when the evil Jehan (Brandon Hurst), brother of saintly Notre Dame archdeacon Dom Claude
(Nigel De Brulier), orders the dog-like Quasimodo to attempt to kidnap gypsy girl Esmeralda (Patsy Ruth
Miller). Quasimodo is captured and flogged for his crime, whereupon Esmeralda shows him kindness by
offering him water. He reciprocates when Esmeralda, framed on a murder charge by the obsessed Jehan
(if he can't have her, no one can), is sentenced to be hanged. Quasimodo grabs a rope and swings down
from the towers of Notre Dame, rescues Esmeralda from the gallows, and carries her into the church,
shouting "Sanctuary! Sanctuary!" Through a series of convoluted plot twists, Clopin (Ernest Torrence), the
king of beggars, leads an army of the Parisian poor to storm the gates of the cathedral and reclaim
Esmeralda. Quasimodo defends both the girl and his church by tossing heavy objects and pouring molten
lead upon the invaders. This climactic scene was filmed at night, requiring the services of literally every
arc light in Hollywood. The Notre Dame set (which wasn't quite as large in real life as it seems on screen)
remained standing on the Universal back lot for years after this film was completed, doing background
service in the 1925 Lon Chaney starrer The Phantom of the Opera. With Hunchback of Notre Dame, Lon
Chaney rose from mere leading player to major star, which led him to even greater success at MGM,
where his reputation as "the man of a thousand faces" really got a workout. The story would be remade
by in 1939 with Charles Laughton, in 1955 with Anthony Quinn, in 1982 with Anthony Hopkins, and again
in 1996 as a sanitized Disney animated musical.

Plot Synopsis by Hal Erickson, AllMovie.com
Directed by: Wallace Worsley    

Written by:
Perley Poore Sheehan - adaptation
Edward T. Lowe Jr. - scenario

Based on the novel  Notre-Dame de Paris (The Hunchback of Notre Dame)  
by Victor Hugo (Paris, 1831).

Lon Chaney ...  Quasimodo
Patsy Ruth Miller ...  Esmeralda
Norman Kerry ...  Phoebus de Chateaupers
Kate Lester ...  Madame de Condelaurier
Winifred Bryson ...  Fleur de Lys
Nigel De Brulier ...  Don Claudio
Brandon Hurst ...  Jehan
Ernest Torrence ...  Clopin
Tully Marshall ...  El Rey Luis XI
Harry von Meter ...  Mons. Neufchatel
Raymond Hatton ...  Gringoire
Nick De Ruiz ...  Mons. Le Torteru
Eulalie Jensen ...  Marie
Roy Laidlaw ...  Charmolu
Ray Myers ...  Charmolu's Assistant
William Parke ...  Josephus
Gladys Brockwell ...  Sister Gudule
John Cossar ...  Judge of the Court
Edwin Wallock ...  King's Chamberlain
Fred Behrle ...  Undetermined Role (uncredited)
Joe Bonomo ...  (uncredited)
Earl Gordon Bostwick ...  Bit Part (uncredited)
Helen Broneau ...  (uncredited)
C.E. Collins ...  Undetermined Role (uncredited)
Jim Collins ...  Undetermined Role (uncredited)
Harry De Vere ...  (uncredited)
Charles Farrell ...  (uncredited)
Al Ferguson ...  (uncredited)
John George ...  (uncredited)
John Gough ...  Prisoner in Torture Chamber (uncredited)
Cesare Gravina ...  (uncredited)
Charles Haefeli ...  Undetermined Role (uncredited)
Fred Herzog ...  Undetermined Role (uncredited)
Alfred Hollingsworth ...  Undetermined Role (uncredited)
Harry Holman ...  Fat Man (uncredited)
Al Hoxie ...  Soldier (uncredited)
Jay Hunt ...  (uncredited)
Arthur Hurni ...  (uncredited)
John Impolito ...  Undetermined Role (uncredited)
Gladys Johnston ...  (uncredited)
Bob Kortman ...  Hook-Hand (uncredited)
Ethan Laidlaw ...  (uncredited)
Louise La Planche ...  Baby Esmeralda (uncredited)
Eva Lewis ...  (uncredited)
Elmo Lincoln ...  (uncredited)
Albert MacQuarrie ...  (uncredited)
George MacQuarrie ...  (uncredited)
Harry Mann ...  Undetermined Role (uncredited)
Alex Manuel ...  (uncredited)
Louis Miller ...  Undetermined Role (uncredited)
Russ Powell ...  Undetermined Role (uncredited)
Albert Prisco ...  Undetermined Role (uncredited)
Mabel Richardson ...  (uncredited)
Walter Rodgers ...  Undetermined Role (uncredited)
Gilbert Roland ...  Extra (uncredited)
Gene Roth ...  (uncredited)
Lou Salter ...  Undetermined Role (uncredited)
Rolfe Sedan ...  Undetermined Role (uncredited)
Nick Shaid ...  Undetermined Role (uncredited)
Jane Sherman ...  (uncredited)
Lydia Yeamans Titus ...  (uncredited)
Rene Traveletti ...  (uncredited)
Pearl Tupper ...  (uncredited)
Clarence Wilson ...  Undetermined Role (uncredited)
~Remaining Credits~

Produced & Released by: Universal Pictures

Produced by: Carl Laemmle & Irving Thalberg  
Cinematography by:  Robert Newhard, Tony Kornman, Virgil Miller, Stephen S. Norton & Charles J. Stumar
Film Editing by: Edward Curtiss, Maurice Pivar & Sydney Singerman    
Casting by: Fred A. Datig  
Art Direction by: Elmer Sheeley & Sidney Ullman
Set Decoration by: Hans Dreier  
Makeup Department:
Lon Chaney  
Unit Manager: William Koenig   
George M. Stallings ....  production manager (uncredited)  
Assistant Directors: James Dugan, Jack Sullivan, Robert Wyler & William Wyler  
Art Department
Sculptor: Finn Froelich  
Scuptures: Charles Gemora  
Assistant Art Director: Stephen Goosson  
Assistant Art Director: Charles D. Hall  
Photographic Effects by: Friend Baker & Phil Whitman  
Lon Chaney Stunt Double: Joe Bonomo   
Other Stunts: Harvey Parry
Camera and Electrical Department
Bud Barner ....  lighting technician
Eddie Barry ....  lighting technician
Harry D. Brown ....  lighting effects
Henry Freulich ....  still photographer
Jack Freulich ....  still photographer
Karl Gotham ....  lighting technician
Soldier Graham ....  lighting technician
Bert Kohler ....  lighting technician
George Merhoff ....  lighting technician
Earl Miller ....  lighting effects
Fred Sealock ....  lighting technician  
Arthur E. Shadur ....  electrical engineer
Cliff Shirpser ....  assistant camera
Eric van Miessel ....  lighting technician
Wayne West ....  lighting technician
Costume Supervisor: Gordon Magee  
Presenter: Carl Laemmle   
Production Assistant: Albert Conti  
Technical Director: Archie Hall  
Production Assistant: Edgar Stein  
Continuity: Charlotte Woods

Length: 12 Reels
Runtime: 133 Minutes
Released: September 6, 1923
Premiere: New York, September 2, 1923
~Lon Chaney Sr. and Patsy Ruth Miller~