~The Right to Happiness~
1919
Directed by: Allen Holubar

Written by:
Allen Holubar - scenario
Olga Linek Scholl - scenario
~Cast~

Dorothy Phillips ... Sonia & Vivian - Twin Sisters
William Stowell ... Tom Hardy
Robert Anderson ... Paul
Henry A. Barrows ... Andrew Hardcastle (as Henry Barrows)
Winter Hall ... Henry Forrester
Margaret Mann ... Mother Hardy
Stanhope Wheatcroft ... Monte
Alma Bennett ... Lily
Hector V. Sarno  ... Sergius Kerkoff (as Hector Sarno)
Fay Holderness ... Leah - the Nurse
Esther Moline ... Child Twin #2
Rachel Moline ... Child Twin #1
Nigel De Brulier ... Russian Court Member (uncredited)
Maxine Elliott Hicks ... Undetermined Role (uncredited)
~Remaining Credits~

Produced & Released by: Universal Film Manufacturing Corporation

Cinematography by: Norman Dawn, Harry B. Harris & Alfred H. Lathem
Assistant Director: B. Reeves Eason
Musical Accompaniment Arranger: Max Winkler

Length: 8 Reels
Runtime: 80 Minutes
Released: August 31, 1919
~Plot Synopsis~
In 1898, wealthy American businessman Andrew Hardcastle lives in Russia with his twin daughters,
Vivian and Dorothea. When the drunken Cossacks stage a pogrom against Jews and prominent
persons, Hardcastle escapes to America with Vivian, believing Dorothea to be dead. Dorothea
actually is adopted by a poor Jewish family, renamed Sonia, and at the age of nineteen, sent to
America with her adopted brother Paul and also Sergius, to gain support for the revolutionary cause.
Sonia and her comrades find Hardcastle's factory, with its blatant oppression of the workers, a ripe
center for converts. Vivian, meanwhile, has grown up in wealth and luxury, and has fallen in love with
her father's honest foreman, Tom Hardy. Sonia leads the enraged workers against Hardcastle from
his factory to his mansion. At the steps of his home, however, Sonia denounces mob violence and
sacrifices her own life for the life of Vivian, as she learns that she is really Vivian's sister.